Kylian Mbappe has set a new record in the World Cup by becoming the first youngest player to score for France at a major worldwide tournament.
France, one of the pre-tournament favourites, join Uruguay and hosts Russian Federation in the knockout rounds with one group game to go.
PSG forward Mbappe - aged 19 years and 183 days - underlined his rich talent and claimed his place in the French record books when he poked home in the first half.
In contrast, Peru meets Australia with its fate sealed and just pride to play for in front of its passionate and large following that has visited Russian Federation.
That included the two enormous temporary stands that stretch high above both ends, exposed to the elements, where Peru fans bobbed and bounced to keep warm.
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With 15 minutes gone, Pogba and France began to impose themselves. Corentin Tolisso has dropped out of the starting line-up, as had Ousmane Dembele. Australia lost 2-1 to France, with Mile Jedinak scoring the Socceroos' goal from the spot.
Australia could face being eliminated if they lose to Denmark and France win against Peru later on. The French skipper, making his 100th appearance for his country, was a bystander for long periods. Pogba cleverly played in Giroud, his shot took a deflection and looped over Gallese, allowing Mbappe to stab into an open net.
As in the first half, Peru made the better start to the second and midfielder Pedro Aquino arrowed a long-distance rocket onto Lloris's upright.
Back home, schools, shops, offices, and even government departments have shut down for the game - and this video from the Amazonian town of Iquitos in Northern Peru shows streets congested with fans in Peru jerseys and flags before the game kicked off.