Liberals fear that by solidifying the conservative majority, the articulate judge could overturn or restrict a 1973 verdict banning state and federal regulations criminalising or restricting abortion, which the right-wing supporters of Trump want.
Mr Trump's choice of Judge Kavanaugh to replace Anthony Kennedy on the Supreme Court was controversial from the beginning, but initial concerns were based around his conservative views.
Kavanaugh was sworn in as a justice Saturday evening in Washington after an extraordinarily fraught nomination that sparked angry protests, nail-biting votes and a national reckoning about sexual assault allegations and who should be believed after Kavanaugh was accused of sexual misconduct when he was a high school and college student. "Great decision. I very much appreciate those 50 great votes and I think he's going to go down as a totally brilliant Supreme Court Justice for many years".
After Blasey Ford's story became public, other accusations against Kavanaugh followed, including a claim by Deborah Ramirez, a classmate of Kavanaugh's at Yale College, that Kavanaugh had exposed himself to her at a party in a dorm room there. She and Kavanaugh testified at a raucous September 27 hearing, where he angrily and tearfully denied her allegations. A nervous but composed Blasey Ford testified first, telling senators that she was "absolutely" certain that it was Kavanaugh who had attacked her in the 1980s. Mike Easley appointed him and was a Superior Court judge for 12 years - released a statement on Kavanaugh within minutes of his Saturday afternoon nomination.
Last Friday, Arizona Senator Jeff Flake, an outspoken critic of President Donald Trump, asked for an FBI investigation into the allegations of sexual misconduct after assault survivors confronted him in the Capitol Building.
He told the Senate he "found Judge Kavanaugh to be a qualified jurist" but later faced shouts of "shame" from protesters.
Collins supported an additional FBI background check into the accusations, which stoked speculation that she might then break with Republicans and vote against Kavanaugh's nomination, but the results of that investigation - along with Bush's calls - paved the way for her support Friday.
"An FBI investigation that did not include interviews of Dr Ford and Judge Kavanaugh is not a meaningful investigation in any sense of the word", they said in a statement quoted in USA media.
Palestinian kills two Israelis in West Bank
Barkan industrial park is adjacent to the settlement of Barkan and was established in the early 1980s. The prime minister said he was certain the perpetrator would be caught and brought to justice.
"It's a big day for the country, a big day for the administration and a big day for the Republican Senate", McConnell said.
The one exception is Alaska Senator Lisa Murkowski. Manchin announced a short while later that he would also vote for Kavanaugh, essentially guaranteeing that Kavanaugh would be confirmed.
But even if there was little suspense at Saturday's final vote, there was still plenty of theater, both inside and outside the Capitol.
Even as demonstrations raged outside the Supreme Court, it was the climax to one of the nastiest nomination fights in American history.
Democrats spent hours on the Senate floor ahead of the vote speaking out against Kavanaugh.
Senators debated the decision before casting their vote, watched on by many in the public gallery.
As for the women who protested the Kavanaugh vote, Murkowski said, "I was closing my eyes and praying". She voted "present", balancing out Daines' absence.
After Aidy Bryant's prosecutor Rachel Mitchell made a brief return to say that she hopes she made women proud, the network switched from the jubilant Republican senators to the "losing team", represented by Alex Moffat's Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.).