As per the reports in state-run news agency Anadolu, the prosecutors have charged Turan with sexual harassment, unlicensed possession of weapons and causing intentional injury over the fight with singer Berkay Sahin.
Sahin, who goes on stage by his first name Berkay, was also charged, with prosecutors demanding up to two years in jail.
Turan, 31, had last week been summoned to an Istanbul police station to give a statement about the incident but was allowed to walk free.
Turan, who is on loan to Istanbul Basaksehir, allegedly later entered a hospital where the singer was being treated, brandishing a gun.
According to the singer, Turan approached his wife, making suggestive remarks to her, before head-butting her husband and breaking his nose.
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"Our board of directors met on October 15 at 7:30pm in an extraordinary meeting, as the only item on the agenda was our player Arda Turan, and several decisions were made in this regard", announced the Turkish club on their official website.
In the video, Turan is seen coming out of the club as the melee continues outside.
He was banned for a record 16 games by the Turkish football authorities in May after he shoved and verbally abused a referee in a game for Basaksehir.
The attacking midfielder, who used to play for Atletico Madrid before joining the Catalan side, has previously been on the news for his behaviour both on and off the football pitch.