CERN plans on even larger next-gen circular collider


The Future Circular Collider (FCC) collaboration proposed a new circular collider to be built that will dwarf the world's largest collider, CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), having nearly four times the length of the LHC.

CERN Director for Research and Computing, Eckhard Elsen, added: "Proton colliders have been the tool-of-choice for generations to venture new physics at the smallest scale". This new collider will reportedly be six times more powerful than the LHC. The energy equivalent is up to 100 TeV from the FCC, which is described as an order of magnitude higher than the LHC offers.

Reaching energies of 100 teraelectronvolts and beyond would allow precise studies of how a Higgs particle interacts with another Higgs particle, with thorough exploration of the role of the electroweak-symmetry breaking in the history of our universe.

Over the next few years, the 22-member states of CERN will examine the proposals and come to a decision on whether they should be put into action, The Associated Press reported. The new FCC proton collider would reportedly need $16bn of funding (around £13bn or AU$22bn) to dig out the 100km tunnel and build the complex research equipment for its experiments.

The first of these stages would collide electrons and positrons. Finally, protons will be made possible collisions in the 100-Kilometer-long Tunnel at center of mass energies of up to 100 teraelectron volts - the latter Design, however, would only be taken after the successful implementation of the electron-Positron accelerator in attack and, thus, in the late 2050s years.

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Secondly it would collide electrons with heavier lead atoms. The FCC is not the only plan to be considered: another option is a large linear collider, known as CLIC (compact linear collider). If the collider gets the go-ahead, it could be up and running by 2040.

The cost of the FCC is massive, and the report says it would be in the 9 billion euro range.

It took CERN 10 years to build the largest machine in the world: The LHC lies some 574 feet beneath the France-Switzerland border near Geneva, where scientists test predictions of particle physics theories.

A second phase would involve a superconducting proton machine in the same tunnel, at a cost of about 15 billion euros more. It's also hoped the FCC will provide evidence to explain dark matter and the dominance of matter over antimatter, which don't fit into the Standard Model of particle physics.

The complex instruments required for particle physics inspire new concepts, innovation and groundbreaking technologies, which benefit other research disciplines and eventually find their way into many applications that have a significant impact on the knowledge economy and society.