The Chang'e 4 probe, led by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), successfully performed the first soft landing on the Moon's far side on January 3. Cotton seeds were the first to sprout after which rapeseed and potato seeds emerged.
Why were these species chosen?
Being able to grow food makes the idea of using the moon as a base for Mars exploration more viable. Because the growth period of Arabidopsis is short and convenient to observe. Some don't know that the lander had a payload of six organisms on board to test out on the lunar far side.
China's ruling Communist Party's official newspaper, the People's Daily tweeted an image of a sprouted cottonseed with the caption "the completion of humankind's first biological experiment on the Moon".
Por no acatar norma, dos turistas mueren en el Tayrona
Cada una de estas áreas restringidas se encuentran con señalización en vallas y banderas, que notifican a las personas sobre el riesgo que corren si deciden sumergirse al mar por cuenta propia.
However, according to Space.com, this will be the first total lunar eclipse visible start-to-finish in the Eastern United States that begins before midnight in exactly 19 years. The temperature could drop as low as about minus 170 degrees centigrade. That's because temperatures drop to -150 degress Celsius during lunar nights on the moon, and according to Xie Gengxin, chief designer of the experiment, life inside the canister would simply not survive those conditions.
The experiment has ended.
Experts say that the latest accomplishment-which builds on the work of astronauts who have previously grown plants on the International Space Station-is a substantial boost for humanity's hopes of accomplishing long-term space exploration.
"We had no such experience before. And we could not simulate the lunar environment, such as microgravity and cosmic radiation, on Earth", Xie said.
The space agency is already looking ahead to its next lunar mission, Chang'e 5, which is created to collect lunar samples and bring them back to Earth. These tiny seeds are enclosed in a sealed container on the Chang'e 4 lander, and these crops could eventually form a self-sustaining biosphere on the moon.